Interactiunea Stat-Cetatean ar trebui sa fie cat mai transparenta si automata. Folosind exemplu Estoniei care a introdus principul de „e-residency” se poate transforma tot timpul pierdut prin birouri si programe de lucru cu publicul de genul 8-16.30 (ca si cum noi restul nu am avea servici) se poate muta tot sistemul asta de hartii intr-o interactiune on-line cu toate agentiile statului, costuri reduse cu hartia.
Sistemele statului ar fi unificate, ca cetatean te vei putea autentifica cu aceleasi credentiale in toate sistemele si vei putea vedea statusul cererii tale. Documentul cerut va fi disponibil in varianta electronica in acest sistem unic, unde toate agentiile statului au access, deci s-ar tremina vesnica poveste cu copii,hartii plimbate de la un birou la altul.
Sistemul ar permite plati on-line indiferent de destinatarul taxei fara drumuri la CEC-ul, Posta sau ANAF-ul din Sectorul/orasul de resedinta. Acum nu te poti duce la orice agentie ANAF sa depui o declaratie. Trebuie sa te duci la cea de care apartii. Daca toate declaratiile ar fi disponibile on-line, folosind acest „e-residency” nu mai trebuie sa faci drumuri la agentia statului pentru utilizator si parola.
In Estonia, introducerea sistemului „E-residency” a dus la cresterea numarului de companii inregistrate de straini, tocmai pentru timpul scurt de inregistrare si lispa interactiuni cu agentiile statului.
Mai jos este explicat sistemul(am copiat din Wikipedia).
E-residency of Estonia (or virtual residency) is a status by which non-residents can gain a secure digital identity issued by Estonia, similar to those that are provided to permanent residents and citizens of Estonia by their ID card. This enables them to use the services provided by Estonian state agencies and private sector connected usually to the ID card. Estonia established e-residency on December 1, 2014. The first e-resident of Estonia was British journalist Edward Lucas from The Economist; the first one to gain e-residency through the usual process was Hamid Tahsildoost from United States.
As of the end of January 2015, e-residents are able to make digital signatures, encrypt documents, use Estonia’s state portal eesti.ee, found enterprises in Estonia, provide reports to Estonian Tax and Customs Board and E-Business Register, fill Estonian tax declarations on the Internet, and use Estonian online banking systems. It is thought that e-residency might be most useful for the entrepreneurs, as it is customary in Estonia to provide services and paperwork online, registering a new enterprise can be done quickly online and there is no income tax for enterprises.
E-residency is not equivalent to citizenship or permanent residency. It does not give the right to participate in elections, or to enter Estonia or the European Union without a visa. It has also been stated that e-residency is a privilege, not a right; therefore, Estonia will screen the applicants and reserve the right to refuse an application.
E-residents gain a digital ID card issued by the Estonian Police and Border Guard Board. Application is made on-line, but issuance of the card requires that the applicant visit an office of the Police and Border Guard Board in Estonia or an Estonian embassy or consulate where they can be identified physically. As the digital ID card is not an accepted travel document, it does not have the owner’s photo on it.
The project of e-residency is led by Taavi Kotka, the vice chancellor of communications and state information systems in the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications, one of the founders of Skype. Although the idea of issuing ID cards to non-residents has been discussed at least from 2007 or 2008 and proposed again in 2012 by Estonian cybersecurity expert Anto Veldre, the concrete proposal („10 million e-residents by 2025”) was presented by Taavi Kotka, Ruth Annus, and Siim Sikkut on an idea contest by Estonian Development Foundation in 2014. The project was initiated with the prize money from the contest. It is developed by a state-owned foundation, Enterprise Estonia.
The leader of the project, Taavi Kotka has stated that while the further goal of the project would be to gain millions of e-residents, its practical purpose would be to increase the number of active enterprises in Estonia. For that, it will be important that private sector would develop concrete services on the legal and technical platform provided by e-residency, while the state would continue developing the legal framework according to the needs of the enterprises. It has also been discussed in Estonian media that e-residency could be used to spread knowledge about Estonian culture online to develop cultural export. By January 18, 2015, there were applications from 225 countries, most of them from Finland (224), Russia (109), Latvia (38), the United States (34) and Great Britain (22).[not in citation given]
In general e-residency project has gained positive reviews in the media, being recognized for its innovativeness and potential. Estonia’s former Minister of Finance Jürgen Ligi has noted that it is yet unclear how e-residency would bring capital to Estonia. It has also been warned by the legal experts that e-residency might create some risk of double taxation, as this is a completely new legal status that has not been considered in the framework of existing international agreements to avoid double taxation.
There has been international interest in different countries, with the issue being covered by media in the United States (The Atlantic, The Wall Street Journal, Ars Technica), United Kingdom (The Guardian, Wired UK), Finland (Helsinki Times), Australia (ABC), Italy (Wired.it) etc. In neighbouring Finland, it has elicited some fear that e-residency might give Finnish enterprises an urge to move to Estonia.